We renovated our building in 2021 to incorporate a vision therapy program into our practice. We
vision therapy can make a huge impact in patient’s lives and we are very excited to be able to
service. Our team works with every patient to find the root cause of their visual difficulties
and designs a
treatment plan that is personalized to them.
Vision is very complex and goes much beyond the ability to see 20/20 – vision happens in the
Optometric vision therapy is a rehabilitative program that is prescribed to treat dysfunctions
of the visual
Vision therapy can be an effective treatment for many vision problems that cannot be treated with
eyeglasses or contact lenses alone. It is an individualized program designed to enhance vision
skills such as eye-tracking, focusing and eye teaming abilities, as well as hand-eye
coordination and visual
Exercises are completed in-office on a weekly basis and then the skills are solidified with at
practice throughout the week. Programs can vary in length, all depending on the patient needs
of the visual problem.
The Facebook group ‘Vision Therapy Parents Unite’ contains more information and testimonials from
Vision Related Learning Difficulties
• OVER 80% of learning is visual
• 3 in 4 children with reading disabilities also have under-developed visual skills
Most children with learning difficulties also struggle with the necessary visual skills for
reading, writing, and learning. Children may display frequent loss of place, omission of words,
lines, slow reading speed, poor comprehension and/or a short attention span. If your child is
difficulty with learning, you should be sure to take them for a full functional workup to
determine if there
are any underlying visual problems contributing to their learning difficulties.
Does your child experience any of the following symptoms?
• Headaches or eye strain
• Blurred or double vision
• Losing their place while reading, skipping, or re-reading lines
• Reversing letters/numbers/words
• Poor hand-eye coordination
• Fatigue from school
• Squinting, rubbing or closing one eye while reading
• Poor word/letter recognition
• Poor spelling
• Poor handwriting skills
• Motion sickness
• Poor attention and concentration
Strabismus (cross-eye or eye turn)
Strabismus is a condition when the eyes are misaligned. The affected eye often appears as if it is
inwards (esotropia) or outwards (exotropia). Strabismus treatment can involve glasses, vision
prismatic correction and sometimes even require surgery. Uncorrected strabismus usually leads to
Vision therapy can be a very effective treatment for strabismus. It can help correct the eye
trains the brain to use both eyes simultaneously. If we can correct the misalignment without
prognosis for good stereo-acuity (depth perception), is much greater. We feel strongly that vision
should be the first line of treatment – if we cannot get success, then surgery is required. If
required, post-operative vision therapy can help improve the outcomes.
Amblyopia (lazy eye)
Amblyopia or “lazy eye” is a neurological developmental vision problem that occurs during infancy and
childhood. The brain starts ignoring the visual sensory information from one eye (or both), due to
eye being misaligned or one eye having a significantly different refractive error compared to the
Essentially one eye is always out of focus compared to the other eye and the brain learns over time
off’ or suppress that eye. Children do not grow out of amblyopia; it normally requires glasses and
Traditionally, patching the better-seeing eye was the only method used to treat amblyopia. Vision
the other hand, works to get the eyes working together as a team and improve depth perception. The
aim is to
reduce suppression, where the brain ignores the image in one of the eyes. Sadly, many professionals
parents that nothing can be done once a child reaches the age of 7 because this is what they were
school. However, newer research has proven this to be false, which is very promising for patients
Non-Strabismic Binocular Vision Disorders
Vision disorders in this category occur when the eyes struggle to work together properly. Signs
disorders may include poor eye movement control, inability to properly focus, poor hand-eye
and difficult with motor skills and eye teaming activities.
If you suffer from eye strain and headaches with near work, sometimes, an inefficient visual
system can be
at fault. Diagnoses such as convergence insufficiency, accommodative disorders, binocular
dysfunction fall into this category.
What Symptoms Should You Look Out For?
• Using a finger to read
• Difficulty Reading or avoiding reading
• Favours one eye over the other
• Poor handwriting
• Double Vision
• Intermittent blurred vision
• Movement of text on paper
• Poor classroom performance
• Difficulty staying focused
• Poor hand-eye coordination
• Constant squinting/head tilting
• Squinting, rubbing or closing one eye
• Loss of place, repetition, or omission of words while reading
A Functional Vision Assessment is the first step if you are interested in vision
consists of a series of in-office activities to evaluate visual performance,
function to test a wide range of visual skills.
Some of your testing will be with Dr. Goods or Dr. Friessen, and some will be
with one of our trained vision
therapists. Your evaluation will include:
- Eye Tracking (Ocular Motility) Testing – A measurement of
fast, small eye
movements called saccades, and smooth, fluid movements called pursuits.
- Eye Teaming (Binocular Vergence) Testing – A measurement of
convergence, and divergence of the two eyes.
- Eye Focusing (Accommodation) Testing – A measurement of
automatic eye focusing
relating to the clarity of near vision and sustained near visual attention.
- Visual Discrimination – The ability to see similarities from
- Visual Memory – The ability to visually remember the
characteristics of a
shape/object after a brief presentation.
- Visual Spatial Relationships – The ability to see the
difference among forms
based on orientation.
- Visual Sequential Memory – The ability to remember a series
of forms in their
specific order of presentation.
- Visual Figure-Ground – The ability to perceive a form
visually, and to find this
form hidden in a clutter of a distracting background.
- Visual Directionality and Laterality – The ability to
identify language symbols
based on their directional orientation.
- Visual Motor Integration – The ability to analyze visual
reproduce the response in a paper and pencil task.
After all the assessment testing is complete, Dr. Kimberley Goods or Dr.
Friessen will see you back for a
follow-up appointment to review all of your results and recommendations for
vision therapy, if
applicable. We will also provide you with a report detailing all your results
recommendation. This is a relaxed visit and a great opportunity for questions
Our Vision Therapy Program consists of weekly sessions led by our vision
therapist, Maegan Fulton,
under the supervision of Dr. Kimberley Goods and Dr. Friessen. Therapy sessions
are meant to be a challenge but aim
to be fun and interactive at every increasing skill level. The exercises make
use of lenses, prisms,
filters, 3D computer software, and other equipment aimed at developing visual
Following each therapy session, activities will be assigned for daily practice at
home. These tasks
will vary weekly, and the necessary equipment will be provided to you at no
extra cost. For best
success in the program, it is expected that 20 minutes of the assigned visual
completed each day at home. These at home activities are VERY important for
How Long Will It Take to See Results with Vision Therapy?
Programs can vary from 10 weeks to a year or more, all depending on
the patient’s needs and complexity of
the visual problem. Over the course of the program, follow-up appointments will be scheduled
Kimberley Goods or Dr. Friessen to track progress. The decision to continue or complete
treatment will be a decision we will
make together. The frequency of sessions, the amount of home training, and the duration of the
depends on the severity of the problem, the goals of the patient, their age and their
commitment/participation level in the program.
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Summerland Optometry's head office. Address: 13225 N Victoria Road
V0H 1Z0; Tel: 250 494-9266.
13225 N Victoria Road
V0H 1Z0 Tel: 250 494-9266
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